A Two-Faced Friendship: Turkey Is ‘Partner and Target’ for the NSA

A Two-Faced Friendship: Turkey Is ‘Partner and Target’ for the NSA

Documents from the archive of whistleblower Edward Snowden reveal wide-scale spying against Turkey by America’s NSA and Britain’s GCHQ. They also show the US worked closely with Ankara to battle Kurdish separatists.

On a December night in 2011, a terrible thing happened on Mount Cudi, near the Turkish-Iraqi border. One side described it as a massacre; the other called it an accident.

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